Productos de tabaco

Ley de Control del Tabaco

To protect the public and create a healthier future for all Americans, the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (Tobacco Control Act) gives FDA authority to regulate the manufacture, distribution, and marketing of tobacco products.

Mother and daughter smiling

La Ley de Control del Tabaco


Restricts Tobacco Marketing and Sales to Youth

The Tobacco Control Act puts in place specific restrictions on marketing tobacco products to children and gives FDA authority to take further action in the future to protect public health. These provisions ban:

  • sales to minors
  • vending machine sales*
  • the sale of packages of fewer than 20 cigarettes
  • tobacco-brand sponsorships of sports and entertainment events or other social or cultural events
  • free giveaways of sample cigarettes and brand-name non-tobacco promotional items

*except in adult-only facilities


Requires Smokeless Tobacco Product Warning Labels

The Tobacco Control Act requires that smokeless tobacco packages and advertisements have larger and more visible warnings. Smokeless tobacco includes tobacco products such as moist snuff, chewing tobacco, and snus. Every smokeless tobacco package and advertisement will include one of the following warning label statements:

  • ADVERTENCIA: este producto puede causar cáncer de boca.
  • ADVERTENCIA: este producto puede causar enfermedades de las encías y pérdida de dientes.
  • ADVERTENCIA: este producto no es una alternativa segura de los cigarrillos.
  • ADVERTENCIA: el tabaco sin humo genera adicción.

For smokeless tobacco packaging, the warning label statement must be located on the two principal sides of the package and cover at least 30% of each side.

For advertisements, the warning label statements must cover at least 20% of the area of the ad.

These changes aim to increase awareness of the health risks associated with smokeless tobacco use and improve the public health.


Ensures "Modified Risk" Claims are Supported by Scientific Evidence

The landmark law prohibits tobacco companies from making reduced harm claims like “light,” “low,” or “mild,” without filing an application for a modified risk tobacco product and obtaining an order to market as such.


Requires Disclosure of Ingredients in Tobacco Products

Tobacco companies must provide FDA with detailed information about the ingredients in their products.


Preserves State, Local, and Tribal Authority

The Tobacco Control Act preserves the authority of state, local, and tribal governments to regulate tobacco products in specific respects.


Additional Authorities

The Tobacco Control Act gives FDA authority to help protect the public and create a healthier future for all Americans. For example, the Tobacco Control Act:

  • Requires tobacco company owners and operators to register annually and open their manufacturing and processing facilities to be subject to inspection by FDA every two years.
  • Allows FDA to implement standards for tobacco products to protect public health. For example, FDA has the authority to regulate nicotine and ingredient levels.
  • Bans cigarettes with characterizing flavors, except menthol and tobacco.
  • Funds FDA regulation of tobacco products through a user fee on the manufacturers of certain tobacco products sold in the United States, based on their U.S. market share.

The Tobacco Control Act does not:

The law makes clear that FDA's role is to regulate and protect the public health, but it places a few restrictions on FDA's powers. La FDA no puede:

  • Require prescriptions to purchase tobacco products.
  • Require the reduction of nicotine yields to zero.
  • Ban face-to-face sales in a particular category of retail outlets.
  • Ban certain classes of tobacco products.

Search the Act

NOTE: This overview highlights some of the provisions of the Tobacco Control Act and is not intended to be a comprehensive guide or to reflect FDA's interpretation of the Tobacco Control Act.  For complete information, you must read the entire law.


Compartir esta página Compartir esta página en FacebookPublique esta página en TwitterEnviar página por correo electrónico


 

 


Este sitio web ha sido traducido del inglés al español y se actualiza con frecuencia. Es posible que algunos enlaces lo redirijan a contenidos disponibles únicamente en inglés o que algunas palabras de la página aparezcan en inglés hasta que el proceso de traducción finalice (por lo general, dentro de las 24 horas). Agradecemos su paciencia y comprensión. En caso de que haya discrepancias con el significado, la versión en inglés es la oficial. Gracias por visitar esp.fda.gov/tabaco.

Última actualización de la página: 04/21/2015
Nota: Para obtener información en diferentes formatos, lea las Instrucciones de descarga para ver y reproducir.